Oxygen, the element with atomic number 8, has an etymology very similar to nitrogen. Like element number 7, it comes from the French, in this case oxygène. Oxygen was discovered independently by German-Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele and British chemist Joseph Priestley. Priestley is usually given pride of place because he published his discovery first in 1774. The name oxygine, later changed to oxygène, was first proposed by French chemist Antoine Lavoisier in 1778. 

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